Apr 15, 2007
While we contend that the Navy has been the most diligent military organization (in the United States) investigating flying saucers or UFOs , other military constructs have not been laggard in the pursuit of the UFO enigma.
The Air Force, obviously, has been involved, ineptly, as has the Army, not so ineptly.
The Electronics Technology and Devices Laboratory, U.S. Army Laboratory Command (LABCOM), Department of the Army, Fort Monmouth, New Jersey has been, and continues to be, the place where UFOs (and other esoteric phenomena) are studied for military applications.
One classified program, and maybe the primary Army UFO program, was (and is?) Black dome which, in conjunction with the Sylvania corporation, has tried to establish quantum parameters for building and/or communicating with flying saucers – UFOs.
Here are extracts, pulled from Army archives, that deal with some of the studies that took place (and are taking place) inside the Army confines, secretly and overtly:
“Quantum transport for Bloch electrons in a spatially homogeneous arbitrarily time-dependent electric field is presented. Using a vector potential to describe the electric field, a natural basis (the accelerated Bloch states) for describing Bloch dynamics is employed to revisit the Kohn and Luttinger theory of electron transport in the presence of randomly distributed impurities. This basis, which treats the intraband effects of the field exactly, is also used to extend a recent treatment of quantum transport of Bloch electrons obeying nondegenerate statistics, interacting with phonons, to the multiband case. In particular, for the above-mentioned problems the quantum transport equations are derived from the Liouville equation for the single-particle density matrix with use of the accelerated Bloch states as a basis; results explicitly manifest all possible quantum effects to lowest nonzero order in the scattering strength, such as intraband and interband scattering, interband Zener tunneling, and nonlinear transient transport in a homogeneous electric field of arbitrary time dependence and strength. We find, for either impurity or phonon scattering, that, in addition to the usual intercollisional field effect, the collision integral involves products of field- and time-dependent matrix elements of the scattering interaction at different times instead of the usual ‘‘golden-rule’’ result, the latter being obtained only in the limit in which the field dependence of the matrix elements is neglected.”
“The isolation usually encountered in optics between the part of a field that is of interest and its source motivates the consideration of a radiation mode weakly coupled to a quantum-mechanical source. After the introduction of some refinements into the quantum mechanics of a damped radiation mode, the field is expressed as the sum of two parts, one due to the source (the source field) and the other due to the loss mechanism (the "vacuum" field). The characteristic function for the field is calculated up to second order in perturbation theory. This function is then compared with the characteristic function for the field in the presence of a classical source. A method is exhibited by which a classical source can be found such that the two characteristic functions are identical when averaged over a half cycle. In particular, the two sources yield the same expectation values for the instantaneous amplitude and energy of the field. The description of the equivalent classical source must be given in statistical terms, in general, and requires only a knowledge of and , where S(0) is the dipole-moment operator of the quantum-mechanical source unperturbed by the mode under consideration (but otherwise arbitrarily complex, with the possibility of strong coupling to other modes). The theory is illustrated by a consideration of several simple sources—a two-level system, a harmonic oscillator, and a blackbody—for which equivalent classical sources are found. The two-time correlation functions for the field obtained with the two types of sources are compared and are shown to be the same up to first order in ?t, where t is the difference between the two times and ? is the inverse of the field relaxation time; the physical meaning of the second-order difference in the correlation functions is discussed. A limiting process, in which both the coupling to the source and the damping become small, is suggested as a method of adapting the results to free fields, but it is pointed out that for discussion of a single mode, a free field is physically less satisfactory than a damped field. It is concluded that, within a reasonable approximation scheme, the source field may be described classically (the "vacuum" field furnishing all the necessary quantum-mechanical properties of the total field).”
“The theory of Brillouin scattering is extended to incorporate birefringence. The necessary modifications to the Bragg laws are derived by the methods of physical optics. An integral equation method is used to calculate intensities of the first-order lines scattered by longitudinal and transverse acoustic waves in an infinite slab of birefringent crystal. This calculation also differs from those of previous authors in taking full account of internal reflection. Depletion of the incident beam is accounted for. No restriction is made to acoustic propagation parallel to the crystal faces. The intensity formulas for various cases of acoustic mode and incident optical polarization are found to differ in geometrical structure, and the differences can alter the intensities substantially.”
“A millimeter- or submillimeter-wave combiner using a quasi-optical open resonator to effectively combine the power output of several solid-state oscillators to a single-frequency is described. The combiner makes use of a symmetrical concave spherical resonator with dielectric wedge launchers as energy couplers. To demonstrate feasibility of this concept, experiments were carried out by using two InP Gunn oscillators at 60 GHz, and a combining efficiency of 54 percent has been achieved.”
What the Army has found, or developed, is grist for UFO investigators who think there’s been a government or military cover-up of UFO related information.
We’ve provided specifics of the Black Dome project at our private UFO web-site, which is open and available to bona fide UFO investigators.